Louis Armstrong, the celebrated jazz trumpeter and singer, died in his sleep yesterday morning at his home in the Corona section of Queens.
He had observed his 71st birthday Sunday. Death was attributed to a heart attack. Armstrong had been at home since mid-June when he was discharged from Beth Israel Medical Center after 10 weeks of treatment for heart, liver and kidney disorders.
He seemed in good health during an interview June 23, in which he played his trumpet and announced his intention to return to public performances. Nixon and I share the sorrow of millions of Americans at the death of Louis Armstrong. One of the architects of an American art form, a free and individual spirit, and an artist of worldwide fame, his great talents and magnificent spirit added richness and pleasure to all our lives.
Tributes to Mr. Ellington commented: "If anybody was Mr. Jazz it was Louis Armstrong. He was the epitome of jazz and always will be.
He is what I call an American standard, an American original. Condon said, "then put it down and sing a song like no one else could. Hines, who frequently said he had taken his piano style from Mr. Armstrong's trumpet style, remarked: "We were almost like brothers. I'm so heartbroken over this. The world has lost a champion. In Washington, the State Department, noting that Mr. The Department of State, for which he traveled on tours to almost every corner of the globe, mourns the passing of this great American.
The entertainer's final appearance was last February, when he played a two-week engagement at the Waldorf-Astoria Hotel. Last month, noting that his legs were weak from his hospitalization, he said, "I'm going back to work when my treaders get in as good shape as my chops. A master showman known to millions as Satchmo, Mr. Armstrong lived by a simple credo.
Putting it into words a couple of years ago, he said:. My life has been my music, it's always come first, but the music ain't worth nothing if you can't lay it on the public. The main thing is to live for that audience, 'cause what you're there for is to please the people. Armstrong was first and most importantly a jazz trumpet player without peer, a virtuoso soloist who was one of the most vivid and influential forces in the development of American music.
But he was also known to delighted millions around the world for his ebulliently sandpapery singing voice, his merry mangling of the English language and his great wide grand-piano keyboard of a smile. Jazz music, probably the only art form ever wholly originated in America, and Louis Armstrong grew up together in New Orleans. It was in a seamy slum there that Mr. Armstrong learned to love and play jazz in the company of gamblers, pimps and prostitutes. But in time he was to play his trumpet and sing in command performances before royalty and, through his numerous worldwide tours, to become known unofficially as "America's ambassador of goodwill.
Jazz experts, even the purists who criticized Mr. Armstrong for his mugging and showmanship, more often than not agreed that it was he, more than any other individual, who took the raw, gutsy Negro folk music of the New Orleans funeral parades and honky-tonks and built it into a unique art form.Louis Armstrong grew up poor in a single-parent household.
He was 13 when he celebrated the New Year by running out on the street and firing a pistol that belonged to the current man in his mother's life.
At the Colored Waifs Home for Boys, he learned to play the bugle and the clarinet and joined the home's brass band. They played at socials, picnics and funerals for a small fee. Four years later, inhe went to Chicago, where he played second coronet in the Creole Jazz Band. He made his first recordings with that band in He made a tour of Europe in During a command performance for King George Vhe forgot he had been told that performers were not to refer to members of the royal family while playing for them.
Just before picking up his trumpet for a really hot number, he announced: "This one's for you, Rex. Sign In. Edit Louis Armstrong. Showing all 39 items. Satchmo became Armstrong's nickname after his Grand Tour of Europe.
A London music magazine editor wrote "Satchmo" in an article -- probably because he could not read his garbled notes. Up until that time, Armstrong's nickname was Satchelmouth. He was nicknamed "Pops" because that is the name he addressed everyone by. Later on in his career, he picked up the sobriquet "America's Jazz Ambassador" because of his frequent jazz concerts around the world. For most of his life, Louis Armstrong always gave July 4,as his birthdate, possibly because it was easy to remember.
In all likelihood, he probably believed it himself. It wasn't until many years after his death that a birth record was found confirming the correct date as August 4, Although his career as a recording artist dates back to the s, when he made now-classic recordings with Joe 'King' Oliver, Bessie Smith and the legendary Jimmie Rodgersas well as his own Hot Five and Hot Seven groups, his biggest hits as a recording artist came comparatively late in his life: "Mack the Knife""Hello, Dolly!
Interestingly enough, Armstrong had never heard of either the song or show "Hello, Dolly!
Louis Armstrong, jazz legend, dies in 1971
To him, it was just the lead song on an album of show tunes, and he was more surprised than anyone when both the single and the album Kapp went to 1 on the Billboard charts. What makes this accomplishment all the more remarkable is that it happened at the height of the so-called "British Invasion", when The Beatles and other British rock groups seemed to be dominating every aspect of the pop music charts.
Armstrong later repeated his hit in the show's film version Hello, Dolly! Although the term didn't exist during his lifetime, there is much evidence to indicate that he may have been bulemic. He believed that it didn't matter what you ate, as long as you purged yourself regularly afterwards. He would do that with the help of an herbal laxative called Swiss Kriss, and even handed out mimeographed sheets on his diet regimen to friends.
In all probability, this contributed to the health problems he suffered in the last years of his life. Refused to go a State Department-sponsored concert tour of the Soviet Union in because he felt the administration of President Dwight D.Louis Daniel Armstrong August 4, — July 6,nicknamed " Satchmo ", [a] " Satch ", and " Pops ",  was an American trumpetercomposer, vocalist, and actor who was among the most influential figures in jazz.
His career spanned five decades, from the s to the s, and different eras in the history of jazz. Armstrong was born and raised in New Orleans. Coming to prominence in the s as an inventive trumpet and cornet player, Armstrong was a foundational influence in jazz, shifting the focus of the music from collective improvisation to solo performance. In Chicago, he spent time with other popular jazz musicians, reconnecting with his friend Bix Beiderbecke and spending time with Hoagy Carmichael and Lil Hardin.
He earned a reputation at " cutting contests ", and relocated to New York in order to join Fletcher Henderson 's band. With his instantly recognizable rich, gravelly voice, Armstrong was also an influential singer and skillful improviser, bending the lyrics and melody of a song.
Neil Armstrong Cause of Death: How Did the Astronaut Die?
He was also skilled at scat singing. Armstrong is renowned for his charismatic stage presence and voice as well as his trumpet playing. By the end of Armstrong's career in the s, his influence had spread to popular music in general. Armstrong was one of the first popular African-American entertainers to "cross over", meaning his music transcended his skin color in a racially divided America.
He rarely publicly politicized his race, to the dismay of fellow African Americans, but took a well-publicized stand for desegregation in the Little Rock crisis. He was able to access the upper echelons of American society at a time when this was difficult for black men.
Armstrong often stated that he was born on July 4, Albert was from Boutte, Louisianaand gave birth at home when she was about sixteen. William Armstrong abandoned the family shortly after. Louis Armstrong was raised by his grandmother until the age of five when he was returned to his mother. He did odd jobs for the Karnoffskys, a family of Lithuanian Jews.
While selling coal in Storyvillehe heard spasm bandsgroups that played music out of household objects. He heard the early sounds of jazz from bands that played in brothels and dance halls such as Pete Lala's, where King Oliver performed. The Karnoffskys  took him in and treated him like family. Knowing he lived without a father, they fed and nurtured him. To distinguish them from other hawkers, he tried playing a tin horn to attract customers.
Morris Karnoffsky gave Armstrong an advance toward the purchase of a cornet from a pawn shop. When Armstrong was eleven, he dropped out of school.Originally published by the Daily News on July 7, This story was written by Anthony Burton. Louis Armstrong, the jazzman whose peerless horn gave birth to music fit for the angels, died in his sleep yesterday at his home on th St.
Armstrong, who celebrated his 71st birthday two days earlier - on the 4th of July - apparently died of heart failure, according to a family spokesman. He was released from Beth Israel Hospital a few weeks ago after spending 10 weeks there, undergoing treatment for heart and kidney ailments:. They going to enjoy blowing over me, ain't they? Cats will be coming from California and everywhere else just to play.
Whether they play or not, those cats will be there Friday to pay tribute to Pops, a trumpeter who could even put soul into the stuffy State Department. Spokesman Charles W.How Did Neil Armstrong Really Die?
Bray said yesterday, "The Department of State, for which he traveled on tours to almost every corner of the globe, mourns the passing of this great American. In London once, he prepared to play a number and looked up from the stage with the famous grin.
From the royal box, King George V acknowledged the honor. Armstrong first picked up a horn in New Orleans, where he was born in to a laborer and his wife, a former domestic servant. The town's notorious brothel district, Storyville, was wide open and young Louis grew up in the midst of thieves and cutthroats, prostitutes and madams.
He loved it, but particularly he loved the jazz that was evolving among musicians who played in the plush brothels.
Still in shorts pants, Armstrong learned to play a little toy slide whistle. He would listen as musicians on bandwagons touted their appearances at local clubs. Long afterwards, Armstrong told writer Larry L. King that his first professional gig was at 15 as a substitute cornet player in a honky tonky. He made 15 cents. Sang in Street with Pals.
Louis Armstrong Dies
We'd sing on the streets and in taverns - pass the hat; might make six bits, a dollar. Some would hold us on their laps and we would sniff the pretty scents and powders they wore.
When he was 16, Armstrong found a patron in King Joe Oliver. Oliver gave the youngster a new horn, fed him and, most important, got him jobs. No such thing. Joe Oliver was the man. Aged 19, Armstrong married the first of his four wives, Daisy Parker. Once she found him with another woman and went at him with a brickbat. It was a tough town, then and later.Getty Learn about Neil Armstrong's cause of death.
The photo on the left shows Armstrong's burial at sea. With the anniversary of the moon landing, many moviegoers are wondering what happened to astronaut Neil Armstrong after his famous moon walk.
In real life, Neil Armstrong went on to lead a fairly private life, eschewing overtures to run for political office unlike, say, fellow astronaut John Glenn. Those wondering where Armstrong is today will be disappointed to learn that the astronaut died in What was his cause of death?
How did Neil Armstrong die? July 20, is the 50th anniversary of the Apollo 11 Moon landing. Neil Armstrong and Buzz Aldrin set foot on the moon.
Getty Astronaut Neil Armstrong, commander of Apollo He was years-old when he passed away.
Neil Armstrong was buried at sea in the Atlantic Ocean. While we mourn the loss of a very good man, we also celebrate his remarkable life and hope that it serves as an example to young people around the world to work hard to make their dreams come true, to be willing to explore and push the limits, and to selflessly serve a cause greater than themselves. Armstrong settled into a quiet life in Lebanon, Ohio.
His death surprised those close to him, The Times reported, and it was not revealed where he had died. A national celebrity, he did not act like one, rarely giving interviews and staying out of the limelight. In later years, according to The Times, Armstrong settled into life as an Ohio professor of aeronautical engineering in Cincinnati and lived on a farm.
He did disagree publicly when Barack Obama canceled the plan to send astronauts back to the moon in favor of private companies. Armstrong said to the U. However, such wading into contentious public issues was unusual for him. Getty Neil and Janet Armstrong. All of this really happened. They believe the movie paid proper homage to the Armstrongs. Janet Armstrong died in Janet, called Jan, married Neil Armstrong in He was the Father of Jazz, a notorious womaniser who married four times, but Louis Armstrong was thought to have died childless.
Now, 42 years after his death, letters written to a former mistress by the genre-defining trumpeter and singer have emerged, revealing how the man known to fans as Satchmo or Pops kept a secret second family. Sharon Preston-Folta, 57, a marketing worker with more than a passing likeness to Armstrong, has stepped forward for the first time to claim that she is his daughter, producing nine letters and other correspondence in which he professed his love for her even before she was born.
Experts have ruled the documents authentic. My story is important. I have every right to say who I am, to be proud of it. It was never a secret to me who my father was," she told the New York Times. White House to consider building a Death Star. Chris Christie: at 25st, I'm not too fat to be president.
Armstrong was noted by several biographers as having never fathered a child, though he did adopt his late cousin's mentally disabled son, Clarence, at the age of three. His fourth wife, Lucille, signed an affidavit for a probate court following Armstrong's death instating that he had no biological children. Yet for 16 years, he had supported Sharon and her mother, acknowledging the child as his and buying them a house in New York state where he would visit them.
My mother has a saying, 'Those that know know, and those that don't know don't need to'. She felt that I was recognised in his eyes.
In NovemberMiss Preston told Armstrong that she was pregnant with his child. Writing to her while on tour, Armstrong referred to their forthcoming arrival as "my little Satchmo" and declared himself "so proud". I prey sic to God every day for that moment," he wrote, signing off as "Your future husband". He never did leave his wife, who later dismissed claims that the baby was his, claiming that he was not capable of fathering children.
But Armstrong continued to see Miss Preston and fund her and her daughter. A letter to her inin which he referred to himself as the girl's "Daddy Satchmo", told of his promise to continue to support her financially. All she have to do is finish high school and that's where I step in.Armstrong died just after a heart attack on July 6,a month before his 70th birthday, and 11 months after playing a famous show at the Waldorf-Astoria's Empire Room.
Shortly before his death he stated, "I think I had a beautiful life. I didn't wish for anything that I couldn't get and I got pretty near everything I wanted because I worked for it. Louis Armstrong, the celebrated jazz trumpeter and singer, died in his sleep yesterday morning at his home in the Corona section of Queens.
He had observed his 71st birthday Sunday. Death was attributed to a heart attack. Armstrong had been at home since mid-June, when he was discharged from Beth Israel Medical Center after 10 weeks of treatment for heart, live and kidney disorders. He seemed in good health during an interview June 23, in which he played his trumpet and announced his intention to return to public performances.
Nixon and I share the sorrow of millions of Americans at the death of Louis Armstrong. One of the architects of an American art form, a free and individual spirit, and an artist of worldwide fame, his great talents and magnificent spirit added richness and pleasure to all our lives. Tributes to Mr. Ellington commented: "If anybody was Mr. Jazz it was Louis Armstrong. He was the epitome of jazz and always will be. He is what I call an American standard, an American original.
Condon said, "then put it down and sing a song like no one else could. Hines, who frequently said he had taken his piano style from Mr. Armstrong's trumpet style, remarked: "We were almost like brothers. I'm so heartbroken over this. The world has lost a champion. In Washington, the State Department, noting that Mr. The Department of State, for which he traveled on tours to almost every corner of the globe, mourns the passing of this great American.
The entertainer's final appearance was last February, when he played a two-week engagement at the Waldorf-Astoria Hotel. Last month, noting that his legs were weak from his hospitalization, he said, "I'm going back to work when my treaders get in as good shape as my chops. As a virtuoso trumpet player, Armstrong had a unique tone and an extraordinary talent for melodic improvisation. Armstrong appeared in more than a dozen Hollywood films though few of particular noteusually playing a band leader or musician.
Many of Armstrong's recordings remain popular. All too often, however, Armstrong recorded with stiff, standard orchestras leaving only his sublime trumpet playing as of interest. Armstrong set up a non-profit foundation for educating disadvantaged children in music, and bequeathed his house and substantial archives of writings, books, recordings, and memorabilia to the City University of New York's Queens College, to take effect after his and his wife Lucille's death.
The Louis Armstrong archives have been available to music researchers, and his home at th Street between 34th and 35th Avenueswas opened to the public as a museum on October 15, Louis Armstrong. Jul 6 Louis Armstrong Dies. Source: Wikipedia Added by: Kevin Rogers. President Nixon released this statement: "Mrs. Armstrong had toured Africa, the Middle East and Latin America on its behalf, said: "His memory will be enshrined in the archives of effective international communications.
Louis Armstrong died of a heart attack on July 6,at age The influence of Armstrong on the development of jazz is virtually immeasurable.